Patrick S. Ward, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Environmental Economics and Policy
Acting director of the iMEP program, Director of Graduate Studies, Duke Kunshan University

agricultural economics, international development, behavioral economics

Patrick S. Ward is an associate professor of environmental economics and policy in the iMEP program at Duke Kunshan University. Prior to joining the DKU faculty, Patrick was a research fellow in the Environment and Production Technology Division of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Patrick’s primary research interests center around sustainable development, with a particular emphasis on developing country agriculture. He has extensive experience conducting research in South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan), having lived in New Delhi, India for four years (2012-2016). He has also led or contributed to research on agricultural or development issues in China, Malawi, and Kenya. His current research portfolio includes projects on agricultural risk management (including insurance and other financial products as well as stress-tolerant staple crop cultivars), soil fertility management and soil conservation, inclusive development of rural agricultural machinery markets, and water resource management. He is especially interested in how insights from behavioral economics and cognitive psychology can be used to inform policies and interventions to address environmental and natural resource management challenges. Patrick holds a PhD in Agricultural Economics with a specialization in International Development from Purdue University (USA).

Incentives could create a tipping point in conservation agriculture adoption
Research for agricultural insurance in South Asia: A regional dialogue
Index insurance as an instrument for managing risk and modernizing agricultural production
Revolutionizing the collection of household data

Ward, Patrick S., David L. Ortega, David J. Spielman, Neha Kumar, Sumedha Minocha. “Demand for complementary financial and technological tools for managing drought risk,” accepted for publication in Economic Development and Cultural Change.

Arora, Anchal, Sangeeta Bansal, and Patrick S. Ward. “Do farmers value rice varieties tolerant to droughts and floods? Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Odisha, India,” accepted for publication in Water Resources and Economics. [Open access]

Ward, Patrick S. and Simrin Makhija (2018). “New modalities for managing drought risk in rainfed agriculture: Evidence from a discrete choice experiment in Odisha, India,” World Development 107:163–175. [Open access]

Bell, Andrew R., Jennifer Zavaleta, Frazer Mataya, and Patrick S. Ward (2018). “Do as they did: peer effects explain adoption of conservation agriculture in Malawi,” Water 10(51):1-16. [Open access]

Ward, Patrick S., Andrew R. Bell, Klaus Droppelmann, and Tim Benton (2018). “Early adoption of conservation agriculture practices: Understanding partial compliance in programs with multiple adoption decisions,” Land Use Policy 70: 27–37.

Spielman, David J., Patrick S. Ward, Deepthi E. Kolady, and Harun-Ar-Rashid (2017). “Public incentives, private investment, and outlooks for hybrid rice in Bangladesh and India,” Applied Economics and Policy Perspectives 39(1): 154–176.

Ward, Patrick S. and Gerald E. Shively (2017). “Disaster risk, social vulnerability and economic development,” Disasters 41(2): 324–351.

Bell, Andrew Reid, Patrick S. Ward, Mary E. Killilea, and Md. Ehsanul Haque Tamal (2016). “Real-time social data collection in rural Bangladesh via a `microtasks for micropayment’ platform on Android smartphones,” PLoS ONE 11(11): e0165924. [Open access]

Bell, Andrew R., Patrick S. Ward, and Md. Azeem Ali Shah (2016). “Increased water charges improve efficiency and equity in an irrigation system,” Ecology and Society 21(3): 23. [Open access]

Ward, Patrick S., Andrew R. Bell, Gregory M. Parkhurst, Klaus Droppelmann, and Lawrence Mapemba (2016). “Heterogeneous preferences and the effects of incentives in promoting conservation agriculture in Malawi,” Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 222: 67–79.

Ward, Patrick S. (2016). “Transient poverty, poverty dynamics and vulnerability to poverty: An empirical analysis using a balanced panel from rural China,” World Development 78: 541–553.

Ortega, David L. and Patrick S. Ward (2016). “Information processing strategies and the effects of framing in developing country choice experiments: Results from rice farmers in India,” Agricultural Economics 47: 493–504.